Dating rocks by radioactivity online dating in miami
We can also construct a Concordia diagram, which shows the values of Pb isotopes that would give concordant dates.
The Concordia curve can be calculated by defining the following: ).
The initial ratio has particular importance for studying the chemical evolution of the Earth's mantle and crust, as we discussed in the section on igneous rocks. If this happens, then the date obtained will be older than the date at which the magma erupted.Zircon has a high hardness (7.5) which makes it resistant to mechanical weathering, and it is also very resistant to chemical weathering. Chemically, zircon usually contains high amounts of U and low amounts of Pb, so that large amounts of radiogenic Pb are produced.Other minerals that also show these properties, but are less commonly used in radiometric dating are Apatite and sphene.For example lavas dated by K-Ar that are historic in age, usually show 1 to 2 my old ages due to trapped Ar.Such trapped Ar is not problematical when the age of the rock is in hundreds of millions of years.