Dating psychology major
1859 Charles Darwin published the On the Origin of Species, detailing his view of evolution and expanding on the theory of ‘Survival of the fittest.’ 1861 French physician Paul Broca discovered an area in the left frontal lobe that plays a key role in language development. He later founded the American Psychological Association.1869 Sir Francis Galton, Influenced by Charles Darwin’s ‘Origin of the Species,’ publishes ‘Hereditary Genius,’ and argues that intellectual abilities are biological in nature. 1879 Wilhelm Wundt founded the first formal laboratory of Psychology at the University of Leipzig, marking the formal beginning of the study of human emotions, behaviors, and cognitions.1905 Alfred Binet’s Intelligence Test was published in France.1906 The Journal of Abnormal Psychology was founded by Morton Prince.1911 Edward Thorndike published first article on animal intelligence leading to the theory of Operant Conditioning.1912 William Stern developed the original formula for the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) after studying the scores on Binet’s intelligence test.
His new school of thought became known as Analytical Psychology.
1935 Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was published by Henry Murray.
1936 Egas Moniz published his work on frontal lobotomies as a treatment for mental illness.
1916 Stanford-Binet intelligence test was published in the United States. Watson and Rosalie Rayner published the Little Albert experiments, demonstrating that fear could be classically conditioned.
1917 Robert Yerkes (President of APA at the time) developed the Army Alpha and Beta Tests to measure intelligence in a group format. 1921 Psychological Corporation launched the first psychological test development company, not only commercializing psychological testing, but allowing testing to take place at offices and clinics rather than only at universities and research facilities.