Dating customs elizabethan times
This shifting and multifaceted quality is true for individuals, groups and societies, as well as for the image of an author and his or her works, assuming different identities at different times.
One of the best examples of this fluctuating feature of identity is the English playwright William Shakespeare (1564-1616).
Shakespeare’s value is also based on his ability to contain, articulate and negotiate binaries, as the middle ground where tensions can interplay.
In the live action of the theatre, the scenic space is not simply the place where the text is performed and illustrated, but where cultural structures become significant, in a three-dimensional world where these structures can interact with each other.
In the 1580s, the writings of the University Wits (Marlowe, Greene, Lyly, Kyd, and Peele) defined the London theatre.
Though grounded in medieval and Jacobean roots, these men produced new dramas and comedies using Marlowe's styling of blank verse.
Shakespeare outdid them all; he combined the best traits of Elizabethan drama with classical sources, enriching the admixture with his imagination and wit.
Shakespeare has become a site of contestation, instead of a simple repository of cultural wisdom; or as Dennis Kennedy once affirmed: “Shakespeare is now a machine to make theatre, to reveal other cultures, to observe their constant change” (quoted in Galery 42).In trade, might, and art, England established an envious preeminence.At this time, London was the heart of England, reflecting all the vibrant qualities of the Elizabethan Age.I thus set myself to investigate examples in which the popularization of Shakespeare allows new or non-canonical interpretations, promotes visibility of new identities and resistance ground towards hegemonic and/or universalizing positions. How do traditional popular elements such as festivity, carnival and questions of cultural identity relate to Shakespeare’s name and works today in different contexts? To answers these questions, I started from a general and theoretical framework (theories) to particulars (festivals) and even more specific (a case study).This is especially the case because for many societies in the Western world, in detriment of popular expressions, the word ‘culture’ has been commonly accepted as “synonymous with the Eurocentric products of the symphonic hall, the opera house, the museum and the library […] disciplined, knowledgeable seriousness of purpose […] a feeling of reverence” (Levine 146). Adopting an interdisciplinary approach this investigation touches studies in the areas of anthropology, sociology, drama and literature.