Carbon dating evolution evidence
Willard Libby and his colleague Ernest Anderson showed that collected from sewage works had measurable radiocarbon activity whereas methane produced from petroleum did not.Perseverance over three years of secret research to develop the radiocarbon method came into fruition and in 1960 Libby received the Nobel Prize for chemistry for turning his vision into an invaluable tool.The New Zealand physicist Ernest Rutherford, suggested in 1905 that the exact age of a rock could be measured by means of radioactivity.For the first time he was able to exactly measure the age of a uranium mineral.
At about 50 000 to 60 000 years, the limit of the technique is reached (beyond this time, other radiometric techniques must be used for dating).
By measuring the C concentration or residual radioactivity of a sample whose age is not known, it is possible to obtain the number of decay events per gram of Carbon.
By comparing this with modern levels of activity (1890 wood corrected for decay to 1950 AD) and using the measured half-life it becomes possible to calculate a date for the death of the sample. As a result of atomic bomb usage, C ages of objects younger than 1950.
Quaternary geology provides a record of climate change and geologically recent changes in environment.
U-Pb geochronology of is used for determining the age of emplacement of igneous rocks of all compositions, ranging in age from Tertiary to Early Archean.